Decrees of Trent
the council of trent meeting in santa maria maggiore church, trento (trent).
(artist unknown; painted late 17th century.)
the council of trent (latin: concilium tridentinum), held between 1545 , 1563 in trento (trent) , bologna, northern italy, 1 of roman catholic church’s of import ecumenical councils. prompted protestant reformation, has been described embodiment of counter-reformation. 4 hundred years later, when pope john xxiii initiated preparations sec vatican council (vatican ii), affirmed decrees had issued: “what was, still is.”
as decrees, council issued condemnations of defined heresies committed protestantism and, in response them, key statements , clarifications of church’s doctrine , teachings. these addressed wide range of subjects, including scripture, biblical canon, sacred tradition, original sin, justification, salvation, sacraments, mass , veneration of saints. council met twenty-five sessions between 13 dec 1545 , 4 dec 1563, in trento (then capital of prince-bishopric of trent in holy roman empire), apart 9th eleventh sessions held in bologna during 1547. pope paul iii, convoked council, presided on these , first 8 sessions (1545–47), while 12th sixteenth sessions (1551–52) overseen pope julius iii , seventeenth twenty-fifth sessions (1562–63) pope pius iv.
the consequences of council important regards church’s liturgy , practices. during deliberations, council made vulgate official illustration of biblical canon , commissioned creation of standard version, although not achieved until 1590s. in 1565, however, year or after council finished work, pius iv issued tridentine creed (after tridentum, trento’s latin name) , successor pius v issued roman catechism , revisions of breviary , missal in, respectively, 1566, 1568 , 1570. these, in turn, led codification of tridentine mass, remained church’s primary form of mass next 4 hundred years